Restless Legs Syndrome is an unpleasant neurological problem which is characterised by uncomfortable feelings in the lower limbs with the compelling need to move the lower limbs, generally only when attempting to get to sleep. The peculiar experience, typically with the calves, may be explained as a sort of cramp, soreness or maybe a creeping, crawling sensation. Those with this compare the actual sensation to being like shooting darts of electricity, and even squirming insects inside the lower limbs. The feelings vary in severity from miserable to bothersome to agonizing.
Essentially the most distinctive aspect of the disorder is that lying down and seeking to unwind triggers the feelings. Consequently, a lot of people with restless legs syndrome have difficulty falling asleep and also staying asleep. If this is not dealt with, the situation may cause lethargy as well as daytime stress and fatigue.
Individuals with restless legs syndrome feel uncomfortable sensations within their legs, particularly when seated or laying down, together with the irresistible urge to move about. These kind of feelings typically take place deep inside the leg, typically between knee joint and ankle joint; and less often, they will affect the feet, upper thighs, arms, and hands. Although the sensations can happen on only one side of the body, they can usually impact the two sides. Because moving the legs relieves the discomfort, individuals with restless legs syndrome often keep the lower limbs in motion to reduce or avoid the feelings. They could pace around, constantly move the legs while seated, and move about when in bed.
Most sufferers find the sensations of restless legs syndrome to be less noticeable in the daytime and more apparent in the evening or during the night, particularly in the course of the beginning of sleep. For some people, the symptoms disappear by early morning, allowing for more refreshing sleep at that time. Other triggering situations are periods of inactivity such as long car trips, sitting in a movie theatre, long-distance flights, immobilisation in a cast, or relaxation exercises.
The cause is not known but sufferers a family history of restless legs syndrome make-up roughly 50% of the cases, and those with reduced iron amounts or anemia, chronic disorders like kidney failure, all forms of diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and peripheral neuropathy, plus some women that are pregnant during the final trimester and people taking particular drugs are most often more likely to to be affected by restless legs syndrome.
Restless legs syndrome can impact anybody of all ages, even though the problem is more frequent with advancing age. This happens in both genders, although the incidence can be somewhat higher in females. Occasionally individuals will encounter spontaneous improvement after a number of months. Although very rare, natural improvement over a period of years can happen. In the event that these kinds of changes happen, it is almost always during the early stages of the disorder. In most cases, however, feelings get more serious over time.
The actual medical diagnosis of restless legs syndrome is tricky to establish. Doctors usually depend generally on patients’ explanations of symptoms and details from their health background, including earlier medical problems, family history, and current prescription drugs. Sufferers might well be inquired about the frequency, the length of time the symptoms happen to be present, and also the intensity of the sensations along with their inclination for day time sleeping activities and drowsiness, disruption of sleeping, or any daytime sensations. If a patient’s background is an indication of restless legs symptoms, lab assessments is often performed to rule out other issues and support the proper diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Blood testing, assessments to measure electrical signals in muscle tissue as well as nerves, and Doppler testing to be able to determine muscle activity in the lower limbs is likely to be a good idea. Such medical tests are able to document any kind of accompanying damage or condition in nerves and the nerve roots or some other leg-related motion problems.